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Satoshi Tajiri The history of the Pokémon media franchise spans over two decades from when work began officially on the first game to now, and has roots even older.
It started simply enough as a hobby ofwho as a child had a fondness for catching and near his home in suburban.
Over time, Tajiri decided to put his idea of catching creatures into practice, to give children the same thrills he had as a child.
Shigeru Miyamoto With the help of and other friends, Tajiri formed and much later the design studio known as.
When Tajiri discovered the and theit gave him the image of insects traveling along the wire.
Tajiri was also heavily influenced by the fantasy television show,in which the protagonist used giant monsters contained within small capsules to help him fight.
Together, these two sources gave him the idea for a new game called.
After several failed attempts at pitching this idea toTajiri's new friend pitched it to the company, and Nintendo began to fund the project, spending six years developing the games that would become a worldwide sensation.
Due to trademarking issues, the name "Capsule Monsters" was changed to "Pocket Monsters".
The original artwork for the games was drawn by Tajiri's friend, artistwhile the music and sound effects were composed by.
After debugging was completed, programmed into the game.
However, planned to keep the 151st Pokémon hidden from the public unless it was needed for a post-launch event.
The project nearly drove to bankruptcy.
Five employees quit due to the financial conditions, and Tajiri worked many unpaid hours.
Generation I Taking over Japan Pokémon Green box artThe first, came to the system in Japan on February 27, 1996, which was the fulfillment of Satoshi Tajiri's dream and allowed people of all ages toand and become a.
Initially, the Pokémon games had modest sales.
However, after players discovered in the games, the magazine announced a "Legendary Pokémon Offer" to distribute Mew to twenty entrants.
The contest received 78,000 entrants, and the sales of the Pokémon games quickly increased.
Due to high sales, Pokémon Red and Green were swiftly followed up withwhich had improved graphics and sounds.
After the games, a was developed by Media Factory with its own set of rules.
The of cards was released on October 20, 1996, containing 102 cards, and became very popular.
The franchise also won many interpretations, the first being bywhich was first in November 1996 by.
This was chiefly a gag manga, using crude humor and slapstick, starring a Trainer named and his rude.
The popularity of the franchise also led to an series based on the games, in Japan on April 1, 1997.
The main character was a young named Satoshi afterlater dubbed in English tobased on.
Another character introduced in the first episode was Satoshi'sShigeru afterlater dubbed in English tobased on.
The anime quickly became very popular, and soon a manga series based on it named was written by.
The of the series was first published on October 28, 1997.
The more famous manga in the western world, however, iswith the being published in Japan on August 8, 1997.
It was one of the most successful Pokémon manga, with 150,000 copies sold worldwide.
It is also the longest running manga in Pokémon history based on its starting date.
Several other manga series were published in that era, including and 's.
In addition to these manga series, also published the first volume ofa magazine with the latest information on the franchise, on August 23, 1997.
The main difference in this series was that is was aimed mainly towards girls.
On April 25, 1998, the first was opened in Tokyo, specializing in.
Along the way, began its operations.
Many such stores were opened in later years, and today there are six different stores across Japan, as well as a subsection in the Nintendo World Store in New York.
Conquering the world Ash Ketchum in the original series of the anime Due to Pokémon's success in Japan, the series was released overseas.
Before the games were released in North America, the localization team attempted to change the Pokémon designs, fearing that the cute designs would not appeal to western gamers; however, the proposal was refused.
North America receivedas well as the anime, in September 1998 the anime on the 7th and the games on the 30thand soon everywhere else began to play the games on the Game Boy under the slogan.
The was also introduced to North America on January 9, 1999 by.
Meanwhile in Japan in 1998, a new spin-off game,was released for.
This game featured only 42 Pokémon of the full 151.
This game proved to be commercially and critically unsuccessful, though its sequel, originally planned for the .
Theon the other hand, pushed the franchise to new heights.
On July 18, 1998, debuted in Japanese theaters, featuring the rare and.
In the United States, where it was released on November 10, 1999, the movie even briefly held the record for highest-grossing opening for an animated film.
Plans soon started for a game based on the popular anime and was released September 12, 1998 in Japan, October 25, 1999 in North America and Europe.
Pokémon Yellow allowed Trainers to take on the role of and travel through with anime-style graphics for each Pokémon and a by their side, following the anime's course of events.
Expanding to spin-offs On December 18, 1998 a was released, later arriving in North America on April 10, 2000.
It was followed, only in Japan, a year later by a sequel titled.
The anime, as well asmarked as the most popular and recognized creatures in Pokémon history, turning it into the franchise's mascot.
This led to a small spin-off game calledwhich was released in Japan on December 12, 1998, and in North America on November 6, 2000.
This was a virtual-pet game, utilizing the 's Voice Recognition Unit to let the players interact verbally with Pikachu.
When the anime finished following the games' story with 's defeat in the in January 1999, it a in a new region called theintroducing the new main character of.
During this season's time, a second movie,was produced.
It was first in Japanese theaters on July 17, 1999, and in North American theaters on July 21, 2000.
A non-traditional spin-off game for, was released in Japan on March 21, 1999, inviting the player in the role of to a Pokémon photographing mission in a place called.
This game made its way to North America on July 27, 1999.
On April 14, 1999, a spin-off pinball game for the was released, called.
This game took all the mechanics of regular pinball, games of cards tv show some Pokémon aspects added in.
Its North American release was on June 28, 1999.
CD cover art A sequel to was also eventually released in Japan on April 30, 1999, and became games of cards tv show success.
This game reached North Cards tv of show games on February 29, 2000, and became known there as the original.
The twist in the from the was that it featured the Pokémon in 3D.
In September 2000, the anime-based puzzle game was released for.
This game was the only Pokémon game to be made specifically for western audiences and not be released in Japan.
However, this was not the only American-made original Pokémon material.
From 2000 to 2002, an anime-based musical called was shown on stages around the world.
The most memorable plot point in the musical was the revelation that 's mother,used to be a friend of when they were younger.
The musical isn't consideredbut it sparked endless theories among fans regarding the identity of Ash's father.
Generation II Winds of new beginnings A map of Johto Almost since the very beginning of the series, it had been apparent that the first 151 Pokémon would not be the last.
Later, when of Pokémon was drawing nearer, others likeand made their way to.
On November 21, 1999, Nintendo of Japan released for the then-new.
This time, were invited to the land ofwhere were waiting to be captured.
The new games enhanced the Pokémon gaming experience by adding many new features, the most famous likely being the ability for Pokémon to have differentin turn allowing them to.
A system was also introduced, with a real-time clock allowing different events to happen during the day, at night, and in the morning, as well as on certain.
Another important addition was the system.
Trainers could also return to and face the that were present in the original games.
Pokémon Gold and Silver made its way to North America on October 11, 2000.
The anime followed, of course, and and also arrived at Johto in that aired in Japan on October 14, 1999 and in the US on October 14, 2000.
A new trading card set called featured the first Generation II Pokémon to the.
It was released in Japan on December 10, 1999 and in the United States on December 16, 2000.
A sequel to was released on September 21, 2000 forthis time in Japan, titled.
It made its way to North America on December 4, 2000.
On December 14, 2000,bringing the Pokémon into full 3D for the first time.
This game reached North America on March 25, 2001.
Like Pokémon Yellow, a was made calledwhich was released in Japan on December 14, 2000 and in North America on July 21, 2001.
Pokémon Crystal had several notable changes from Gold and Silver.
Crystal was also the first portable Pokémon game to feature animations for every Pokémon.
Trainers in Japan received the added bonus of being able to trade, battle, and even obtain the wirelessly by using a cell phone to connect to the.
Trainers were also, for the first time, allowed to choose their character's.
Anime and manga in GS DVD Cover for Mewtwo Returns On December 30, 2000, the first feature-length special of the Pokémon anime was released in Japan as a sequel totitled.
It was later released on DVD in the United States on December 5, 2001.
In June 2000, a series by titled was published in Japan.
This manga followed the plot of the games, before abruptly ending after three volumes with very little resolution.
Another new manga series by based on the anime's new seasons called was published on February 26, 2001.
Another anime movie,debuted in theaters in Japan on July 7, 2001, and in North America on October 25, 2002.
It featured two prominent in : and.
The manga finally caught up to the second generation on August 8, 2001, when was published in Japan, starting.
This chapter was much longer than the previous chapters of the series, lasting no less than 7 full volumes.
Additionally, this is the only volume to share its release date with future volumes in Japanese, being that the it were published at the same time.
This special didn't feature andbut rather new characters based on the of the second generation.
On July 13, 2002, the fifth and final movie of the, was released in Japanese theaters.
Distributed on limited release byit opened in select American theaters on May 16, 2003.
Generation III Advancing to a new age The first Kecleon In July 2001 of the anime aired in Japan featuring a Pokémon never previously seen .
Soon, Kecleon and others like, and showed up in theaters in two whileand were featured in Pokémon movie.
During the Ash battleda Trainer from in.
Through this, it became known that the next generation of Pokémon was just around the corner.
Indeed, a major overhaul of the main game series occurred when Pokémon arrived on the on November 21, 2002 when were released in Japan.
Trainers found themselves in the southern land called where were waiting to be discovered.
The games reached North America on March 18, 2003 and had many new features, the most prominent being, Pokémon and for each Pokémon, along with the reform of and.
Also introduced in these versions were more types of and two newand.
Due to the extensive changes to the system, however, this generation was not compatible with earlier generations.
A games of cards tv show for the of the Pokémon anime The anime began a new series,which in Japan on the same day as the release of the games and reached North America almost games of cards tv show year later.
A great deal was ideas for custom fantasy football trophy in this series, including the introduction of a new main character,based on her game counterpart.
Two new movies were produced during the time in : which was released on July 19, 2003 in Japan and on June 1, 2004 on video and DVD in North America and which was released on July 17, 2004 in Japan and on January 22, 2005 on North American television.
Around the same time of thea show called began to air weekly in Japan, focusing not onbut on other characters of the anime, such as,and.
The English dubbed version,first aired in the United Kingdom in May 2005, finally dubbing special to English along the way, three and a half years after its original Japanese airing.
This set was released in North America on June 18, 2003.
More spin-offs To solve the problem of limited Pokémon storage in the continuously growing Pokémon world, was released May 30, 2003 in Japan, July 11, 2004 in North America, allowing Trainers to store up to 1,500 Pokémon from their Generation III games.
A small spin-off game named for was released in Japan on July 13, 2003.
It focused on a TV-broadcasting network airing a variety of Pokémon programs, with the player playing the role of the test audience.
The game also included a unique anime episode.
Pokémon Channel reached North America on December 1, 2003.
On July 28, 2003, of the manga was first published, startingthis one games of cards tv show the third generation's story.
This was the first chapter in the series not to feature previously introduced characters.
Other manga series, such ashave also moved into the RS era around the same time.
A sequel to met the third generation in for on August 1, 2003 in Japan and on August 23, 2003 in North America.
The manga series received a third generation sequel inthe was first released on September 25, 2003.
The 3D version of came in the form of on November 21, 2003 in Japan and March 22nd, 2004 in North America on the.
Unlike thethis game also featured an RPG taking place in the desolate of.
The game's main addition to the growing was.
Back to Kanto and onward to the Battle Frontier Pokémon FireRed Version box art On January 29, 2004, two new were released in Japan:.
They arrived in North America on September 9, 2004, and were remakes of which brought the games up to Generation III standards, as well as adding wireless connectivity through a for the Game Boy Advance and a new region — the.
These games also gave thewhich could only be obtained by moving Deoxys to a or cartridge.
Not yet finished with the story, Game Freak developed a third version to complement Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire.
This game was released in Japan on September 16, 2004, and in North America on May 1, 2005.
Emerald featured the same wireless connectivity as FireRed and LeafGreen, as well as an updated version of Hoenn with many new features, including the Hoennthe ability to re-battle Gym Leaders, an altered plot, and animations for all Pokémon, as in Crystal.
The with both the Generation I remakes and Emerald by having the group travel back to and face the Kanto there.
During this season's time two more movies were produced: premiering in Japan on July 16, 2005 and debuting in Japanese cinemas on July 15, 2006.
On August 28, 2006, of the manga was published, starting theand on June 23, 2007, started the.
Another short manga series called was written byfocusing on the.
Original new concepts A spin-off racing game called was released in Japan on December 2, 2004 and in North America on March 14, 2005.
It was the first of many Pokémon games made for the.
On August 4, 2005, Trainers were invited back to in for thea sequel to taking place about five years later.
This game found its way to North America on October 3, 2005.
A spin-off puzzle game,was released on October 20, 2005 in Japan and on March 6, 2006 in North America.
The game had a story mode, which followed as she attempted to take down the.
Starting with the expansionwhich was released on October 28, 2005 in Japan and only three days later in the United States, a new special kind of Pokémon called was introduced.
Pokémon Ranger box art A new style of play saw light on November 17, 2005, with — a pair of games, one for and one for — in which the is turned into a Pokémon.
The games, released in North America on September 18, 2006, received adaptations in the anime episode and the manga series.
Another new twist on Pokémon came in the spin-off game on March 23, 2006.
This time, players didn't play as regularbut as traveling the land of with a device called the instead of.
It was released in North America on October 30, 2006.
The game was also promoted in the anime through the appearance of Pokémon Rangers inandand in a short.
Ten years of Pokémon 2006 was marked officially asand was celebrated as such in many ways, such as.
Among other things, an English CD was released titled - 10 Years of Pokémon.
On April 29, 2006, a special episode of the called was broadcast in the United States.
This was the first episode to use 's new voice actors Pokémon USA at the timecausing big among the Pokémon fan community.
The special was eventually broadcast in Japan as streaming video from the TV Tokyo Anitele web site from October 13 to October 31, 2006.
In fall 2006, another section of the Pokémon franchise was created in the form of the in Europe, Australia, and Southeast Asia, made by.
The figures reached North America and Japan in 2007.
Munchlax was soon featured inas well as and later.
Others such as,and then made their way toand, and appeared inwhich featured — a new that even became obtainable in.
Along with in the new huge land ofthese games offered a pseudo-3D rendering of the overworld, the return of the system, visiblea split between anda newknown as and.
The anime in Japan and in the US in synchronization with the release of the games.
Like the previous series, it introduced a new female character,based on her game counterpart.
The three of this series form a continuous trilogy.
The first part of the trilogy,premiered on July 14, 2007 in Japanese theaters, and aired on February 24, 2008 on North American televisions.
The second part, premiered in Japan on July 19, 2008, and aired on February 13, 2009 on North American televisions.
The third and final movie of the trilogy,premiered on July 18, 2009 in Japan, has aired on Cartoon Network in the United States on November 20, 2009.
A new was released in Japan on November 30, 2006 and in the United States on May 23, 2007, featuring the new Pokémon from.
New sequels Pokémon Battle Revolution box art On December 14, 2006, two weeks after the launch of Nintendo's console, Pokémon turned 3D in the form of.
It was released in the United States on June 25, 2007.
Several manga series were written for the fourth generation.
The first volume ofthe new sequel of andwas published in Japan on January 26, 2007.
One month later, on February 27, 's was first published.
The for were released in Japan on September 13, 2007 and in North America on April 20, 2008.
Just like before, was also produced and was published.
It was released in Japan on March 20, 2008 and in North America on November 10, 2008.
An was also produced and aired on the same day as the Japanese release, and a was posted as a webcomic on the Japanese Pokémon website.
In March 6, 2010, another Ranger game, was released in Japan.
The new game set in the of was followed by.
Like with Pokémon Box: Ruby and Sapphire in Generation III, a storage game titled was released on March 25, 2008 in Japan and on June 9, 2008 in North America, featuring the character of.
Another manga series, 's was collected and published on March 28, 2008.
The third of, was released on September 13, 2008 in Japan and on March 22, 2009 in North America, bringing new into the ring for, andas well as updates similar to those found in Pokémon Emerald.
Just like the third versions of the core series, Explorers of Sky had additional content.
Johto's Heart and Soul Ever since the remakes for the incompatible games, Pokémon fans have widely speculated that remakes of the Pokémon games,would be made for.
Indeed, the paired remakes, titledwere eventually released in Japan on September 12, 2009, and were released in the United States on March 14, 2010.
The games were referred to in the in that featured and the three starter Pokémon ofeven joined the regular cast.
Some manga series followed the release of the games, such as a new sequel to Pokémon Pocket Monsters, titledof which the first volume was released in June 28, 2011.
A new game for the Wii:was released on December 5, 2009.
The game was released in North America and Europe in the spring of 2010.
Generation V A fresh start Pokémon White box On February 7, 2010, revealed a new Pokémon:.
In an unexpected move, Nintendo revealed that no old Pokémon would be available in the games until the main storyline had been completed, effectively giving both new and old Trainers ina region based on the New York City metropolitan area, rather than Japan, a completely fresh experience.
On September 18, 2010, when the games were released in Japan, were introduced, making this the biggest Pokémon generation yet.
Maintaining the innovations of Generation IV, Black and White added further to the time system that had been introduced more than ten years prior, now having the change, and with them, Pokémon distribution and the time of day, with days being longer during summer and shorter during winter.
The sprite animation system introduced in Generation III with Emerald was also done away with, returning Pokémon sprites to a system more like that of Crystal in Generation II - though now Pokémon move throughout the battle.
Pokémon Contests have disappeared completely, with taking their place, though and have no purpose in these competitions.
Unlike previous paired games, which generally differed only in Pokémon distribution, and ultimately, the availability of at the conclusion of the main storyline, Black and White feature greater differences between the worlds of the opposite versions on level with those between paired and third version of earlier generations - in Black is highly technological, while in White it is laid-back and traditional, whereas two version-exclusive locations, andappear in the same location in their same-name version.
A poster for the of the Pokémon anime The anime was quick to follow with a new series.
Unlike previous generations, no Pokémon from Generation V were shown in the closing episodes of thealthough the thirteenth movie,featured and as major characters, the only Generation V Pokémon featured prior to Best Wishes.
Similar to the original series, Ash's companions this time around are two Gym Leaders: and.
Like the games, the new series was also given a facelift.
No Pokémon from previous generations apart from and are shown in the episodes.
Longtime anime characters, including the protagonist receive an upgraded appearance, most notably in regards to their eyes.
In an unprecedented move, two movies, rather than one, were released together asthough the differences between the two are much alike the differences between Black Version and White Version.
Several manga series were released based on the games, such as a sequel to Pokémon Pocket Monsters, titled, among many others.
It's a second step into Unova It was always anticipated that Black and White would eventually get a third version, as past generations have.
Many assumed it would be called "Pokémon Grey Version".
However, this time there would be sequels, and with a different plot altogether.
Sequels to Black and White,were released to Japan in June 2012 and came to North America, Europe and Australia in October 2012.
The games take place two years after Black and White, and many things have changed in the Unova region.
Some manga series followed the release of the second paired versions, most notably of Pokémon Adventures which began its serialization in July 2013 although a round featuring 's backstory had been published prior to games of cards tv show />Generation VI The next evolution This section is incomplete.
Please feel free to edit this section to add missing information and complete it.
Reason: This section appears to have last been updated prior to the release of the games and therefore needs new information and context.
A poster for the of the Pokémon anime On January 8, 2013, Nintendo simultaneously announced to the world that a new generation of Pokémon will be coming to the world through a special edition ofcalled Pokémon Direct.
These two games introduced several new Pokémon, and the Pokémon series took a new leap into the 3D world on the.
The concept of was also introduced.
During the unveiling of the new versions, three new were introduced: Grass TypeFire Type and Water Type.
The games take place in a new region calledbased off of real-world France.
The anime was quick to follow with a new series.
As with the previous three series, the XY series began with Ash Ketchum, headed off to the new region with his Pikachu.
His previous companions, Iris and Cilan, have left the series.
Ash began his journey in Lumiose City.
Pokémon Adventures started the serialization of its following the games' release in October 2013.
The first volume of a new series by Kosaku Anakubo, known aswas released on April 28, 2014.
Welcome back to Hoenn Just like the remakes for the incompatible games and the remakes for the incompatible games, Pokémon fans have widely speculated that remakes of the Pokémon games,would be made for.
Indeed, the paired remakes, titledwere revealed in a worldwide announcement on the official Pokémon websites on May 7, 2014 and were eventually released in Worldwide on November 21, 2014.
Twenty years of Pokémon 2016 officially marked theand it was celebrated with a re-release of the original core series games on the Nintendo 3DS's worldwide.
These games were released on February 27, 2016, coinciding with Red and Green's original release date in Japan in 1996.
In addition, there will be further celebrations of the occasion throughout the year.
Generation VII Seven's a lucky number The seventh generation of Pokémon was announced on February 27, 2016, the franchise's 20th anniversary with the new games and was released on November 18, 2016.
The anime was quick to follow with a new series.
His previous companions, Clemont, Bonnie and Serena, have left the series.
Ash Ketchum heads off to a new region, Alola, wearing a new set of clothes with his partner Pikachu.
He receives a Z-Ring and becomes a student at the Pokémon School on Melemele Island.
A New Light Shines on Alola Two follow-up games,were announced during a Nintendo Direct presentation on June 6, 2017.
The games, scheduled for release exclusively on the Nintendo 3DS on November 17, 2017, feature an alternate storyline set in Sun and Moon's world, and will feature new Pokémon not available in the original games.
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